How To Setup Your Camera - ISO, Aperture and Shutter Speed

How To Setup Your Camera - ISO, Aperture and Shutter Speed

How To Setup Your Camera - ISO, Aperture and Shutter Speed

I think every photographer has been in this situation at the beginning of his journey to photography.
How do i setup up my camera to get the best possible shot?

In order to be able to take the best shot possible one must know what ISO, Aperture and Shutter Speed is.

So in this blog post, we're gonna talk about:
1) ISO
2) Aperture
3) Shutter Speed

ISO - What's that?

What is ISO (International Standards Organization)? ISO is the camera sensor's sensitivity, it determines how sensitive the camera is to light. By increasing the ISO you increase the picture's brightness, but be careful, with increased ISO comes something that’s called picture noise. Something you want to avoid or only use if it is intended in a picture. How high your ISO can be set without introducing noise to the picture really depends on what camera you use. Make sure to know how well your camera does with ISO before you use it, it can be very vital depending on how you want to use your Camera. Important for you to know is the higher the ISO number the more sensitive the camera's sensor will be.

Aperture - Or How To Work With Depth of Field

Aperture is the value that tells you how much light passes through your lens on to the camera's sensor. So basically aperture is responsible for your depth of field.
Depth of field is responsible for the focus areas in your photos. I’m not talking about the focus you can set with your focus ring. The type of focus i’m talking about is whether the subject in your photo is solely in focus or the whole surrounding around the subject is also in focus.

Aperture is also responsible for making your photo brighter or darker with the side-effect of the depth of field, so if you change your aperture, make sure to know how much depth of field you want in your photo before taking the picture.

Contrary to ISO if you increase the aperture number you get a darker picture and more depth of field. If you use a lower number you get less depth of field and therefore a brighter picture. Another side note is, that the maximum number of aperture (the lowest number) depends on what lens you’re using. So make sure to know your lenses and make sure you use the right lens for the right job.

For example if you shoot portrait, most of the time you want a small depth of field so the subject in your picture is fully in focus and the background is blurred out. The higher the aperture number on a lens the more bokeh (blur) you will have in your subjects background.

Credit: @ nickventuresome

Shutter Speed - When and how do you use it?

In photography, shutter speed or exposure time is the length of time your sensor is exposed to light. Basically the higher your shutter speed the sharper your photos will be. The lower your shutter speed, the more blur you introduce to a moving object. If you want to make a moving subject look like frozen in time your shutter speed has to be set to a high number.

Shutter speed is really important if you shoot pictures of moving objects or if you take long exposure pictures of stars at night. If you take long exposure pictures make sure to set your shutter speed to a low number, this gives your camera the possibility to get as much light in as possible. Also make sure to always use a tripod and a timer when shooting long exposure, otherwise you will see all the little jitters in your photo of you moving or even just pressing the release button on the camera.

That's it! Now you know how ISO, Aperture and Shutter Speed work and what you need to look for when setting up your camera.

Little pro tip: When you come back from a shoot and you're stuck with editing your photos, we can help you with the basic color grading. You just need to learn how to install Lightroom Presets and off you go!If you liked this article, subscribe to our YouTube channel and follow us on Instagram.

Text by: @kevingarystaub

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